Michael Christl - Does redistribution hurt growth? An Empirical Assessment of the Redistribution-Growth Relationship in the European Union

  • Presenting author: Michael Christl (U Loyola)

  • Authors: Michael Christl

  • Session: C01D - Micro-Macro Linkage - Wednesday 9:00-10:30 - Erika-Weinzierl Hall

This paper analyzes the relation between economic growth, inequality and redistribution. In a cross-country setting for 25 EU countries over the period between 2007 and 2019, we show that market-income inequality is related to higher growth in the short term. To estimate the impact of redistribution to low-income earners, we introduce a new measure, the so called net benefit share (NBS). Contrary to other findings, we show that this (targeted) redistribution to low-income earners (Q1 NBS) fosters growth in the short term, driven by the consumption and private investment channel. On the other hand, untargeted redistribution towards higher-income earners reduces growth.